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Muradsar petrogliphs


Muradsar petrogliphs

The mountainous plateau located to the east of the southern slopes of the Vardenis mountains divides the Arpa and Yeghegis rivers. It constitutes a large cover of lava erup-ted during lower and middle quaternary period from mounts Semasar (3484m), Tchaghatsar (3333m) and Muradsar(3214). The plateau is covered with inaccessible rock fields. The rock blocks are frequently covered by a shiny iron-magnesium oxide crust which is called “desert” or “crust” burn. Precisely because of this crust, the rocks served as a unique canvas for man. People portrayed different elements of the surroun-ding environment and their emotions and thoughts on that canvas, creating extraordinary monuments of primitive cul-ture. The petrogliphs, being the reflection of man’s material and spiritual life of that period, provide an insight into natu-re, ways of life, customs and cults of the time.

The petrogliphs of Muradsar are situated 2km to the north and north-east of the mountain peak of the same name. They were created by separate groups, counting se-veral dozen rock blocks in each of them. The petrogliphs are carved on about 200 stones, which were the subject of in-des subjects of hieratic beliefs, dogmas, moral and “church” texts, curses, magic words, history, legends, everyday life, agriculture, hunting, disasters, war and other scenes. Group scenes and separate depictions of people and animals, fan-tastic images and signs are also found here. 
Part of Muradsar petrogliphs are of the symbolic type. The swastik a is widely used, which being one of the sun signs can mean a course of time, e.g. a day. This symbol was used comparably later-evidently starting from the end of IV millenium and the beginning of III millenium B.C. 

Rocks with images on several sides can be occasio-nally found. The three sides of one of the rock blocks are carved this way. A snake is carved on one of the sides. The vestigation by a number of researchers beginning in the 1960s. There are about 20 images carved on each stone. 
The petrogliphs were created by methodically putting the outlines of the image on the stone using a round tool which had a pointed end, was cleansed of sharp ledges and could be placed into the palm of the hand. A polished solid roller could serve as a tool like this. 

The content of the petrogliphs is substantial; it inclu-other side depicts goats and a dog. Yet the goats illustrate different functions and meaning. Some of them are “space” goats, with arched horns reaching to their backs, with three lower limbs. The goats are called “space” because they have an arched spherical alignment like the sky and three lower limbs, similar to the Tree of Life. The middle limb is the geni-tal which symbolizes fertility, or the grain – the sprout seed. There are also ordinary “earth” goats on this side, the big, connected ends of horns of which illustrate their role and im-portance on the earth. The surface of the third side is divided in two by a snake below which is the earth where a man, ob-viously diceased, an ordinary goat and a calf are depicted. The Tree of Life or a bull are above the snake, then a man, holding a crescent-shaped tool in one hand and another item in the other, then a goat and a kid can be seen. 
А tomb field lies оn the road 15km east from the Mu-radsar petrogliphs. The stylistic characteristics of some of the tombs suggest their preliminary dating to IV-III mil-lennium B.C. 

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