Magel cave


Magel cave

The cave is located at the bottom of the eastern cliff of Gnishik gorge. It has 5 entrances, at the slope of the cliff – 20-40 m above river Gnishik. The entrances are of various shapes and sizes: the smallest has a round shape with approximately 1m diameter, and the biggest has a shape of a triangle, with 18m in height and 10m as the base.

Magel cave

The temperature inside the cave varies slightly during the year between 13-14 C.. The cave is situated in limestone conglomerates. The length of the cave is 1.7 km. It is the 7th longest in the world among the caves developed in conglomerate rocks. It was formed on several crevices stretching from north-west to south-east, which in separate places intersect into the system of crevices stretching from south-west to north-east.The cave was formed as a result of washing of those crevices which in its turn make a real labyrinth of underground chambers. The largest cavities are several tens of meters long, a few meters wide and about 15 meters high. The cave is of erosivesuffosive origin and was connected to the deep active drainage of river Gnishik. There are quite a few small in size stalactite formations here, mainly present at “Organ”, “Second large” and “Bats’” halls. The formation of the cave took 2 stages. During the first phase the water streams moving vertically created the system of underground chambers, after which waters coming horizon-tally from above reinforced the ceiling and the walls of the cave, shaping karstic streams and small stalactites. 

Magel cave    Magel cave
The cave has long served as an inhabited area, which is proved by the cultural layers and archeological findings.

Magel cave    Magel cave

Magel cave    Magel cave

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